The Sinai Leopard is a subspecies of leopard found in the Sinai peninsula and the mountains near Eilat. It has been described as a distinct leopard subspecies (Panthera pardus jarvisi), however genetic analysis indicate that it belongs to the Persian leopard subspecies (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica). It is much smaller than the African Leopard and prefers to hunt birds, mice, and rock hyrax ; however, it will eat ibexes and other small livestock if they are available.
The Bedouin have likely hunted it into extinction. It is not known if there are any left living in the wild.