सिंधुदुर्ग) is a fortress which occupies an islet in the Arabian Sea
, just off the coast of Maharashtra
in western India
. The fortress lies on the shore of Malvan
town of Sindhudurg District
in the Konkan
region of Maharashtra, south of Mumbai
= sea, durg
= fort) was built by the great Maratha
warrior King Shivaji
in 1664. Shivaji selected the strategic rocky island location, then known as 'Kurte' for the fort ,himself - to counter foreign forces, and to keep the nearby Siddis
in check.One of the best preserved forts of the Marathas, Sindhudurg fort has zigzag rampart with 42 bastions. Apart from the huge stones, the building material involved 2000 khandis (72,576 kg) of iron erecting the massive curtain wall and bastions. A notable feature is that the foundation stones were laid down firmly with 5 khandis (181.5 kg) of molten lead.
Over 4000 mounds of iron were used in the casting and foundation stones were firmly laid down. Construction started on 25 November 1664. Built over a period of three years (1664-67), the sea fort is spread over with a two-mile (3 km) long rampart, and walls that are high and thick. The massive walls were designed to serve as a deterrent to approaching enemies and to the waves and tides of the Arabian Sea. The main entrance is concealed in such a way that no one can pinpoint it from outside.
At a time when Samudra Gaman... Read More