The Sir Creek
is a 96 km (60 mi) strip of water
disputed between India
in the Rann of Kutch marshlands
. The creek, which opens up into the Arabian Sea
, divides the Kutch
region of the Indian state
with the Sindh
province of Pakistan. It is located at approximately .Originally and locally it is called 'Baan Ganga'. Sir Creek is named after the British
representative.The long-standing dispute hinges in the actual demarcation "from the mouth of Sir Creek to the top of Sir Creek, and from the top of Sir Creek eastward to a point on the line designated on the Western Terminus". From this point onwards, the boundary is unambiguously fixed as defined by the Tribunal Award of 1968.
The creek itself is located in the uninhabited marshlands. During the monsoon season between June and September, the creek floods its banks and envelops the low-lying salty mudflats around it. During the winter season, the area is home to flamingoes
and other migratory birds.
The dispute lies in the interpretation of the maritime boundary
line between Kutch and Sindh. Before India's independence, the provincial region was a part of Bombay Presidency
of British India
. After India's independence
in 1947, Sindh became a part of Pakistan while Kutch remained a part of India.
Pakistan lays claim to the entire creek as per paras 9 and 10
of the Bombay Government Resolution of 1914
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