(; ; formerly, Akyab
) is the capital of Rakhine State
(Burma). Sittwe, pronounced site-tway
in the Rakhine language
, is located on an estuarial
island created at the confluence of the Kaladan
, and Lay Mro
rivers emptying into the Bay of Bengal
. The city has 181,000 inhabitants (2006). it is the administrative seat of Sittwe Township
and Sittwe District
The name Sittwe is the Burmese
version of Rakhine Saite-Twêy
(literally, "the place where the war meets"). When the Burmese King Bodawpaya
invaded the Mrauk-U Kingdom
in 1784, the Rakhine defenders encountered the Burmese force at the mouth of Kalandan river. In the ensuing battle, which was waged on both land and water, the Mrauk-U forces were defeated. The place where the battle occurred came to be called Site Twêy by the Rakhine, and colloquially as Sittwe
by the Burmese.
In early 1825, during the First Anglo-Burmese War
, the British forces landed at Sittwe and stationed their forces by the ancient pagoda, Ahkyaib-daw, which is still standing at the head of the city. The British adopted the name Akyab for the place.
Originally a small fishing village, Sittwe became an important seat of maritime commerce, especially as a port for the export of rice after the British
occupation of Arakan
, now known as Rakhine State, following the First Anglo-Burmese War.
Sittwe was the location of a battle during the conquest of Arakan by the Burmese king Bodawpaya
. In 1784, the Burmese... Read More