The Skopje Fortress
(, transliterated Skopsko Kale
), commonly referred to as Kale Fortress
, or simply Kale
, the Turkish word for 'fortress'), is a historic fortress located in the old town
, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia
. It is situated on the highest point in the city overlooking the Vardar River
. The fortress is depicted on the coat of arms of Skopje, which in turn is incorporated in the city's flag.
The first fortress was built in 6th century AD on a land that had been inhabited during the Neolithic
and Bronze ages
or roughly 4000 BC It was constructed with yellow limestone
and along with fragments of Latin
inscriptions, assert the idea that the fortress originated from the Roman
city of Skupi, which was completely destroyed by an earthquake in 518.
The fortress is thought to have been reconstructed during the rule of emperor Justinian I
and constructed further during the 10th and 11th centuries over the remains of emperor Justinian's Byzantine
fortress which may have been destroyed due to a number of wars and battles in the region, such as that of the uprising of the Bulgarian Empire
against the Byzantine Empire
under the rule of Peter Delyan
. Not much is known about the Medieval
fortress apart from a few documents which outline minor characteristics in the fortress' appearance.
In 1660, Evliya Çelebi
, a chronicler