<!-- -->From 1969 to 1990, the Slovak Socialist Republic
(Slovenská socialistická republika
; abbreviated SSR
) was the official name of that part of Czechoslovakia
that is Slovakia
today. The name was used from 1 January 1969 until March 1990.
After the occupation of Czechoslovakia
in 1968 liberalisation reforms were halted and then reversed. The only exception was the federalization of the country. The former centralist state of Czechoslovakia was divided in two: the Czech Socialist Republic
and Slovak Socialist Republic
by the Constitutional Law of Federation
of 28 October 1968, which came into effect on 1 January 1969. New national parliaments (the Czech National Council
and the Slovak National Council
) were created and the old parliament of Czechoslovakia was renamed the "Federal Assembly" and was divided in two chambers: the House of the People
(cz:Sněmovna lidu / sk:Snemovňa ľudu) and the House of Nations
(cz:Sněmovna národů / sk:Snemovňa národov). Very complicated rules of voting were put in effect.
Federalization was notional – all the real power was kept by the Communist Party
. The increased number of "parliaments" conveniently provided more positions for party members though their role was just symbolic.
After the fall of socialism
in Czechoslovakia, the word "socialist" was dropped in the names of the two republics, i.e. the Slovak Socialist Republic was renamed Slovak Republic
(still part of... Read More