SNCF Class T 2000 trainsets
, also known under their French acronym RTG
(Rame à turbine à gaz,
i.e., gas turbine trainset), were the second generation of turbine-powered trains in France
and saw commercial service from 1972 to 2004.
Building on the successful experience of the earlier TGS
and the ETG
turbotrains, French state railway company SNCF
commissioned the T 2000 for entry into service in the early 1970s. The objective was to offer the same service speed as electric traction (160 km/h at the time) on French trunk lines that had yet to be electrified.
T 2000s were equipped with two 775 kW Turboméca
Turmo III turbines which drove Voith Hydraulic Transmissions at each end and two auxiliary 300 kW Turboméca Astazou
turbines to power air conditioning and lighting. They were aesthetically similar to the T 1000
, sharing in particular the same driving cabin, yet were built on a longer chassis and featured five passenger cars instead of the T 1000's three. Also, the paint scheme was different and closely resembled a reversal of the T 1000's. Each turboengine was equipped with a 3500 litre diesel tank for use on long routes, with a consumption of 430 litres per hour for traction and 150 litres per hour for passenger comfort. Electropneumatic braking was performed by cast-iron shoe-and-disc brakes, with electromagnetic track brakes under each bogey
for emergency braking.
The first trains were put into service in late 1972... Read More