Sochi conflict

Sochi Conflict

Military Conflict
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Sochi conflict

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Sochi conflict was a three-party border conflict which involved the counterrevolutionary White Russian forces, Bolshevik Red Army and the Democratic Republic of Georgia each of which sought the control over the Black Sea town Sochi and the adjacent region. The conflict was fought as a part of the Russian civil war and lasted with varying success from July 1918 to May 1919, and ended through the British mediation effectively establishing the current official border between Russia and Georgia.


The disputed area had been inhabited by an Abkhaz-Adyghe tribe, Zygs, since ancient times.

Georgian claims came from the fact that the area was politically dominated by the medieval kingdom of Georgia at the height of its prestige and strength, and then came under the rule of a successor, the Kingdom of Imereti and, eventually, the Principality of Abkhazia. The area of increasing tourist interest, part of this region was detached by the Tsar’s decree of December 25 1904, from the Sukhumi district (Kutaisi guberniya) to become part of the Black Sea guberniya. The Black Sea district was only thinly inhabited since the Russian Empire took control of the area forcing thousands of locals to become Muhajirs. The region was also inhabited by a significant number of Armenians and Georgians.

The Russian general Denikin and his colleagues insisted, however, that the border between Georgia (though...
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