or socialist emulation
(социалистическое соревнование, "sotsialisticheskoye sorevnovanie", or "соцсоревнование", "sotssorevnovanie") was a form of competition between state enterprises and between individuals practiced in the Soviet Union
and in other Eastern bloc
Competition vs. emulation
The first variant is a literal translation of the Russian term, commonly used by Western authors. The second form is an official Soviet translation of the term, intended to put distance from the "capitalist competition
", which in its turn was translated as "капиталистическая конкуренция", "kapitalisticheskaya konkurenciya".
There was a significant amount of propaganda
along the lines that "capitalist
competition" favors only the winning capitalist, while "socialist emulation" benefits all.
Socialist emulation was voluntary everywhere where people worked or served: in industry, in agriculture, in offices, institutions, schools, hospitals, army, etc. With the natural exception of armed force, committees of Soviet trade unions
were in charge of managing the socialist emulation.
An important component of socialist emulation was "socialist self-obligations
" (социалистические обязательства). While the production plan was the major benchmark, employees and work... Read More