Food in the Mongol Empire
During the Mongol Empire there were two different groups of food, "white foods" and "brown foods". "White foods" were usually dairy products and were the main food source during the summer. The main part of their diet was "airag
" or fermented mare’s milk, a food which is still widely drunk today. The Mongols rarely drank milk fresh, but often used it to create other foods, including cheese and yogurt. "Brown foods" were usually meat and were the main food source during the winter, usually boiled and served with wild garlic or onions.
The Mongols had a unique way of slaughtering their animals to get meat. The animal was laid on its back and restrained. Then the butcher would cut its chest open and rip open the aorta, which would cause deadly internal bleeding. Animals would be slaughtered in this fashion because it would keep all of the blood inside of the carcass. Once all of the internal organs were removed, the blood was then drained out and used for sausages
The Mongols also hunted animals as a food source, including rabbit, deer, wild boar, and even wild rodents such as squirrels and marmots. During the winter the Mongols would also go ice fishing. The Mongols rarely slaughtered animals during the summer but... Read More