The period of the Vijayanagara Empire
is considered an age of prosperity in South India. Many travelogues written by visitors, ambassadors and authors of that time provide ample proof of a vibrant era. Agriculture was the main sustenance and the Tungabhadra
was the life blood of the capital city.
Other major rivers that found their course through this land are the Krishna
. The most prosperous time during the 230 year rule of the empire was during the rule of the Sangama dynasty of which Deva Raya II
was the most successful and during its peak under Krishnadevaraya
. Progress was made in building of canals, fortifications, water storage tanks (bunds
). Trading from the western sea ports with Europeans and Persians was profitable. Sculptures and quarry workers were in demand due to the prolific temple building activities undertaken.
The Hindu caste system was prevalent in Vijayanagar Empire
. Caste regulations were taken care of by elders of each community. However, those who distinguished themselves in war and other services were promoted to high ranking cadre without caste or religious discrimination. Towns and provincial assemblies had representation from all castes, sects and religions. The Hanjamana group represented the minority Muslims in places like Barkur and Mangalore.
Woman had been achieving freedom for several centuries and continued the tradition.In the opinion of Dr. S.A. Saletore, A Concise History of......