, "only" + ferrum
, "Iron") was the Roman name for an ancient Iberian ranged pole weapon
made entirely of iron
. The soliferrum was a heavy hand-thrown javelin
, designed to be thrown to a short distance of up to 30 meters. In the Iberian language it was known as Saunion
The soliferrum was forged from a single piece of iron and would usually measured between 1.5 to 2 meters in length and around one centimeter in diameter. This missile weapon had a narrow barbed tip so it would pierce through shields
. The tip of the soliferrum came in several forms. Sometimes it had only a sharpened tip but usually it had two small spikes and sometimes even more. These spikes had one or several hooks, so the weapon would be hard to extract after it penetrates the enemy's body. The central part or the soliferrum was usually thickened to facilitate the grip of the weapon. Sometimes there were moldings of about ten centimeter long in the middle of the weapon to further improve the grip and to prevent the weapon from slipping because of wet, sweaty or bloody hands.
The soliferrum was an extremely effective heavy javelin. The weight and the density of the weapon's iron shaft, its small diameter and its narrow tip would grant the soliferrum an excellent armor-piercing capacity at close range and enabled it the ability of even penetrating through heavy shields.
Ancient Iberian warriors were heavy users... Read More