The Somali Civil War
is an ongoing civil war
taking place in Somalia
. The conflict, which began in 1991, has caused destabilisation throughout the country, with the current phase
of the conflict seeing the Somali government losing substantial control of the state to rebel forces. The unrest initially consisted of a series of clashes between various tribalist
factions, but since the mid-2000s
took a militant Islamist tone.
, the National Defense Force
was involved in the conflict. Somalia's government declared a state of emergency
in June 2009,.
Downfall of Siad Barre (1986–1991)
The Somali Revolution started in 1986 when Siad Barre
began attacking clan-based dissident groups opposed to his rule with his special forces, the "Red Berets
" (Duub Cas). The first phase of the civil war stemmed from the insurrections
against the repressive regime of Siad Barre
. After his ousting from power on January 26, 1991, a counter-revolution took place to attempt to reinstate him as leader of the country.
The increasingly violent and chaotic situation evolved to a humanitarian
crisis and to a state of anarchy
Later in 1991, to insulate it from the more violent fighting in the south, the......