Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF)
(), initially known as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia
was a political and paramilitary umbrella organization in Somalia
. Founded in 1978 by several army officers, it was the first of several opposition groups dedicated to ousting the authoritarian regime of Mohamed Siad Barre
.Nina J. Fitzgerald, Somalia: issues, history, and bibliography
, (Nova Publishers: 2002), p.25. With its power base mainly in the Majeerteen
clan, SSDF representatives, along with local elders, intellectuals and businesspeople, were instrumental in the establishment in 1998 of the autonomous Puntland
region in northeastern Somalia.
On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod
, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards. His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état
on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover. The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre
, who at the time commanded the army.Moshe Y. Sachs, Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations
, (Worldmark Press: 1988), p.290 For refusing to support Barre's seizure of power, numerous political figures were imprisoned. Among these was Abdullahi......