Sonora y Sinaloa
("Sonora and Sinaloa", also known as Nueva Navarra or Nueva Andalucia) was a province in the Provincias Internas
and under the jurisdiction of the Real Audiencia of Guadalajara
(Royal Audiencia of Guadalajara
) of Viceroyalty of New Spain
. After Independence
Sonora y Sinaloa became one of the constituent states of the Mexican Republic
. The Sonoran Desert ecoregion
covers much of the state.
Sonora y Sinaloa state
Under its Constitution of 1824
Sonora y Sinaloa was a state of the Mexican Republic. The federal constitution used the name "Sonora y Sinaloa". However the state constitution, adopted on 31 October 1825, used the name Estado de Occidente
("State of the West"). The Sonora y Sinaloa state capital was located at El Fuerte, Sinaloa
. The first Governor of Sonora y Sinaloa
was the Sonoran Juan Miguel Riesgo.
Sonora -and- Sinaloa states
On 30 September 1830, due to constant internal disputes, the state was divided into two – the states of Sonora
. While the territory of Sinaloa corresponds to that of the modern-day state of the same name.
Mexican-American War and territory
Sonora of the 1820s extended north beyond the present day United States–Mexico border
. Settlements only existed in the extreme south of the current State of Arizona
and the northern frontier was not defined. Maps from the period will show the northern border abover today's international border or as far as either the Gila River