South 24 Parganas district
() is an important district of West Bengal
State with its district headquarters in Alipore
. It has the urban fringe of Calcutta
on one side and the remote riverine villages in the Sundarbans
Agriculture, Industry and Pisciculture are all at their peak in the district. Sundarbans
, formerly Sunderbunds
, is a vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp forming the lower part of the Ganges Delta
, extending about 160 miles (260 km) along the Bay of Bengal
from the Hooghly River
Estuary (India) to the Meghna River
Estuary in Bangladesh. The whole tract reaches inland for 60–80 miles (100–130 km).
In west side of this district situated Falta Special Economic Zone
.Various types of industry is situated in this Economic Zone.
A network of estuaries, tidal rivers, and creeks intersected by numerous channels, it encloses flat, marshy islands covered with dense forests. The name Sundarbans is perhaps derived from the term meaning "forest of sundari," a reference to the large mangrove tree that provides valuable fuel. Along the coast the forest passes into a mangrove swamp; the southern region, with numerous wild animals and crocodile-infested estuaries, is virtually uninhabited. It is one of the last preserves of the Bengal tiger
and the site of a tiger preservation project. The cultivated northern area yields rice, sugarcane, timber, and betel nuts.
The region is also famous for some commonly domesticated livestock... Read More