The 1992 referendum
was held in South Africa
on 17 March of that year. In it, white South Africans were asked to vote in the country's last whites-only referendum to determine whether or not they supported the negotiated reforms begun by State President F.W. de Klerk
two years earlier, in which he proposed to end the apartheid
that had been started in 1948. The result of the election was a large victory for the "yes" side, which ultimately resulted in apartheid being lifted.
On February 2, 1990, in his opening address to parliament, State President F.W. de Klerk
announced that the ban on different political parties such as the African National Congress
and the South African Communist Party
would be lifted and that Nelson Mandela
would be released after 27 years in prison. F.W. de Klerk announced that capital punishment
would be suspended and that the state of emergency
would be lifted. The State President said in his speech to parliament that "the time to negotiate has arrived".
Nelson Mandela was released on February 11, 1990 from Victor Verster Prison
near Cape Town
. On March 21, 1990, South West Africa
became independent under the name of Namibia
. In May the government began talks with the ANC. In June the state of emergency was lifted and the ANC had agreed to a ceasefire. In 1991, the Acts which restricted land ownership, specified separate living areas and classified people by race were......