( "Khorasan-e Jonubi") is a province
located in eastern Iran
is the centre of the province. The other major cities are Ferdows
South Khorasan Province consists of 8 counties: Birjand
South Khorasan is one the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan
has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of the Arabs, Turks, Kurds Mongols, Turkemen and Afghans brought changes to the region time and time again.
Ancient geographers of Iran divided Iran ("Iran-Shahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan
, among other cities of the province, was one of the focal points for residence of the Aryan tribes after entering Iran.
empire was based near Merv
in Khorasan for many years. In Parthians times, Esfarayen
was one of the important villages of Nishapur
During the Sassanid
dynasty the province was governed by a Spahbod
(Lieutenant General) called "Padgoosban" and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province.
Khorasan was divided into four parts during the Muslim conquest of Persia
, each section being named after the four largest cities, Nishapur, Merv
, and Balkh
In the year 651, the army... Read More