Southampton Plot

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The Southampton Plot of 1415 was a conspiracy against King Henry V of England, aimed at replacing him with Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March.Mortimer was the great-grandson of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, the third son of King Edward III. Henry V and his father Henry IV derived their claim from Henry IV's father John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, fourth son of Edward III. By strict primogeniture, Mortimer had a greater claim to the throne than King Henry, and his father had been acknowledged heir to the throne by King Richard II. The three alleged ringleaders were Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, Mortimer's brother-in-law; Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham (whose uncle Richard le Scrope had been executed for his part in a 1405 revolt also supporting Mortimer's right); and Sir Thomas Grey of Heton. They were charged with plotting to murder Henry at Southampton before his embarkation into France; revolts in favour of Mortimer by Lollards under Sir John Oldcastle in the West Country, and by the Percies in the North, would follow.

The nominal principal, the Earl of March, informed King Henry of the plot on July 31, claiming that he had only just become aware of it. Richard, Scrope, and Grey were promptly arrested. The trial took place in Southampton, on the site now occupied by the Red Lion pub. Grey was put to death on August 3 and the two peers on August 5, both in front of the Bargate. The executions were carried out...
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