The Southeastern Anatolia Project () is a multi-sector integrated regional development project based on the concept of sustainable development for the 9 million people (2005) living in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. GAP's basic aim is to eliminate regional development disparities by raising people's income level and living standards; and to contribute to such national development targets as social stability and economic growth by enhancing the productive and employment generating capacity of the rural sector. The total cost of the project is 36 billion TL, of which 21 billion TL of this investment was realized (end of 2005). The real investment (corrected value) was 56% for the end of 2005. The project area covers 9 provinces (Adıyaman, Batman, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Kilis, Siirt, Şanlıurfa, Mardin, and Şırnak) which are located in the basins of the Euphrates and Tigris and in Upper Mesopotamia.
Current activities under GAP include sectors such as irrigation, hydraulic energy production, agriculture, urban and rural infrastructure, forestry, education and health. Water resources envisages the construction of 22 dams and 19 power plants (8 plants or 74% capacity was reached by 2005) and irrigation schemes on an area extending over 17,000 square kilometres. 7 airports have been finished and active. The GAP cargo airport in Şırnak, which also the biggest in Turkey, has been completed.
The initial idea and decision to utilize the waters of the......