Southern Rhodesia African National Congress

Southern Rhodesia African National Congress

Southern Rhodesia African National Congress

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Description:
The Southern Rhodesia African National Congress (SRANC) was a multiracial political party in what is now Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) committed to the nonviolent promotion of Native African welfare. SRANC was the first fully fledged nationalist organization active between 1957 and 1959 before it was banned by the oppressive white minority government. While short lived, it marks the beginning of political action towards self government by the Native African majority, and gave rise to organizations such as the , the Zimbabwe African People’s Union , the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army , and the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front , which is the current ruling party of Zimbabwe. Many political figures such as current president Robert Mugabe and former vice president Joshua Nkomo were members of SRANC.

Beginnings

By the 1950s the native peoples of Southern Rhodesia were increasingly dissatisfied with their treatment by the white minority government. In rural areas the Native Reserves Land were overstocked and in deteriorating condition. In a response to increasing soil erosion, the government introduced the Land Husbandry Act of 1951. The bill was a failure, and did not take into consideration the ecological diversity of the land it reallocated. Problems with the Land Husbandry...
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