Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov
was a modified Kiev class aircraft carrier
of the Russian Navy
, originally named Baku
. Sometimes Gorshkov is considered a separate class due to its improvements including a phased array radar, extensive electronic warfare installations, and an enlarged command and control suite. In 2004, she was sold to India for conversion into a STOBAR
carrier to be named INS Vikramaditya
The ship was laid down in 1978 at Nikolayev South
in Ukraine, launched in 1982, and commissioned in 1987. The delay in commissioning was largely caused by software bugs in the new command and control system.
The ship was renamed Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov
after the collapse of the Soviet Union
in 1991, as the city of Baku
was now in independent Azerbaijan
. Sergey Gorshkov
was responsible for the expansion of the Soviet Navy during the Cold War.
In 1994, following a boiler room explosion, the ship was docked for a year of repairs. Although she returned to service in 1995, she was finally withdrawn in 1996 and offered for sale.
On January 20, 2004, Russia
agreed to sell the Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov
, though payment details are still being worked out. The original price was $947 million. The upgrade would be undertaken by Russia’s major shipyard, Sevmash... Read More