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The Soviet national basketball team
was the basketball
side that represented the Soviet Union in international competitions. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the successor countries all set up their own national teams. Based on the number of titles, the basketball program of the former Soviet Union remains one of the most successful in the history of international basketball competitions.
The Soviets first competed in the European championship at Eurobasket 1947
. They quickly established their dominance of the European field, winning both preliminary round games, all three semifinal round games, and the championship match against defending gold medallists Czechoslovakia
. The Soviets outscored their opponents by an aggregate 126 points over their 6 wins, an average margin of victory of 21 points.
After refusing to host Eurobasket 1949
as was FIBA Europe
's expectation of the Soviet Union and skipping the tournament entirely, the Soviets returned to European championships in Eurobasket 1951
. They dominated the early portions of the tournament, outscoring opponents 312-117 in their four preliminary round wins. The three games of the semifinal round also posed little problem for the Soviet team, as the closest any opponent came was the Czechoslovak
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