Spanish prepositions

Spanish Prepositions

Spanish prepositions

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Description:
The prepositions of the Spanish language function exclusively as such, therefore, the language does not use postposition constructions. Most derive from Latin, excepting the Arabic-derived hasta (“until”); yet the list herein includes two archaic prepositions — so (“under”) and cabe (“beside”), and excludes vía (“by way of, via”) and pro (“in favour of”), two Latinisms recently integrated to the language. Pedagogically, Spanish language education imparts command of these words via mnemonic-device recitation of: a, ante, bajo, cabe, con, contra, de, desde, durante, en, entre, hacia, hasta, mediante, para, por, según, sin, so, sobre, and tras.

The Prepositions of the Spanish language

a

A generally denotes to and at; it has these notable usages:

  • It indicates movement to a destination:
    • "Viajaron a Madrid." = "They traveled to Madrid."
    • "Llegaron a Madrid." = "They arrived in Madrid."


  • It indicates a point on a quantitative scale, as in telling time (but not a more general stationary location, which is normally expressed by en):
    • "Llegaron a las dos." = "They arrived at two o'clock."
    • "Se venden a dos dólares la libra." = "They're being sold at two dollars a pound."


  • It introduces indirect objects that Latin would have marked with the dative case:
    • Le envié la carta 'a Ana. = "I sent Ana the letter", "I sent the letter to' Ana."
    • ......
    • ...
    ...

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