The Spanish protectorate of Morocco
() () was the area of Morocco
rule by the Spanish Empire
, established by the Treaty of Fez
in 1912 and ending in 1956, when both France
recognized Moroccan independence.
The territories of the Spanish protectorate of Morocco included northern Morocco (except Ceuta
, which have been Spanish since the 16th and 15th century, respectively), and the Cape Juby
Strip in the extreme South. On the contrary, the small territory of Ifni
, being of Spanish sovereignty
, was not a part of the Spanish protectorate.
The capital of Spanish protectorate of Morocco was Tetuán
The rest of the country was ruled by France, under the name of French Morocco
, also from 1912 to 1956.
The city of Tangier
was declared an international zone
, though this status was suspended during World War II when it was provisionally occupied by Spanish troops, from 14 June 1940, on the pretext that an Italian invasion was imminent.
The Republic of the Rif
led by the guerrilla leader Abd El-Krim
was a breakaway state that existed in the Rif
region from 1921 to 1926, when it was dissolved by joint expedition of the Spanish Army of Africa
and French forces during the Rif War
Spanish historical claims
had been Portuguese since 1415 before becoming Spanish in 1640. Melilla had been part of Spain since 1497, neither was included formally... Read More