, a spin-off
, sometimes called a sidequel
, is a radio program
, television program
, video game
, musical/dramatic work or novel
derived from one or more already existing works. One of the earliest spin-offs of the modern media era, if not the first, happened in 1941 when the supporting character Throckmorton P. Guildersleeve from the old time radio
comedy show Fibber McGee and Molly
became the star of his own program The Great Guildersleeve
. (1941-1957).Dunning, John R (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old Time Radio
, Oxford University Press US, ISBN 0195076788, p. 293.
In genre fiction
, the term parallels the usage in television; it is usually meant to indicate a substantial change in narrative viewpoint and activity
from that (previous) storyline
based around the activities of the series' principal protagonist(s) and so is a shift to that action and overall narrative thread
of some other protagonist(s), which now becomes the central or main thread (storyline) of the new sub-series. The new protagonist
generally appears first as a minor or supporting character in the main story line within a given milieu, and it is very common for the previous protagonist to have a supporting or cameo role, at the least as a historical mention, in the new sub-series.
Examples of notable spin-offs
Name changes or retoolings
- Having succeeded with Isa TKM, the original soap opera-like teen program from Nickelodeon Latin America,......