(the correct German
plural is Spitze
, though Spitzen
is commonly used in the United States) are a type
of dog, characterized by long, thick, and often white fur, and pointed ears and muzzles. The tail is usually curled over the dog's back.
The exact origins of Spitz-type dogs are not known, though most of the Spitz-types seen today originate from the Arctic
or East Asian regions. The type was described as Canis pomeranus
by Johann Friedrich Gmelin
in his revision of Systema naturae
in 1788 (printed in English in 1792.)
There is no archaeological
evidence showing transition stages between the wolf
and the often-similar Spitz-type dogs. Skeletal remains up to 5,000 years old suggest it is far more likely that the ancestors
of Spitz types mated
with wolves. In recent genetic testing of dog breeds, many Spitz-types were found to be in the group closest to wolves, presumed to be the oldest types of dogs.
Humans have intentionally mated Spitz-types with wolves in more recent times to achieve... Read More