A sponge grenade
is a riot control
weapon, intended to be non-lethal
, which is fired from a 40 mm grenade
launcher to cause confusion, or otherwise temporarily disable its target. As a single blunt force object, it is best used when aimed at a particular individual.
The projectile, weighs about 28 grams (1 ounce). It is bullet-shaped, with a foam rubber nose and a high-density, plastic projectile body.
It is non-lethal munition round for a 40mm M203
or M79 Grenade launcher
that provides temporary incapacitation through blunt trauma. Minimum engagement range is 10 - 15 metres, and maximum effective range is 50 metres. Muzzle velocity
at 50 metres is 200 feet per second.<!--isn't muzzle velocity measured at the muzzle, not 50 m away?-->
Versions of these projectiles fired at a lower muzzle velocity are sometimes used in airsoft
games, fired from replicas of the aforementioned launchers.
Potential for injury or death
If used improperly - such as at distances closer than 10 metres - injuries to the targeted individual could prove fatal. Used properly, the weapon is intended to cause no permanent damage, but may, in some cases, cause broken bones, head wounds or even permanently damage to eyes. When fired at point blank range, there have been cases of sponge grenades causing death.
Use as a warning shot
According to the Canadian American Strategic Review
the rear gunner in a vehicle convoy could use a sponge grenade as their warning shot, instead of live rounds.<ref... Read More