SS Southern Cross (1955)

SS Southern Cross (1955)

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SS Southern Cross (1955)

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Description:
SS Southern Cross was an ocean liner built in 1955 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland for the United Kingdom-based Shaw, Savill & Albion Line for EuropeAustralia service. In 1975 she was rebuilt as a cruise ship and subsequently sailed under the names SS Calypso, SS Azure Seas and SS OceanBreeze until 2004 when she was sold for scrap to Ahmed Muztaba Steel Industries, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

The Southern Cross was the first passenger ship of over 20,000 gross register tons to be built that had the engine room (and as a result of that, the funnel) located near the stern, rather than amidships. She started a trend of aft-engined ships, and today most passenger ships are built this way. Southern Cross was also the first major liner to have no cargo space, other than for ship's stores and passenger luggage.Miller, William H. (1986) The Last Blue Water Liners, p. 162. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0312469802.

Design and construction

The Southern Cross was planned in the early 1950s as the new flagship of the Shaw, Savill & Albion Line to be used on the EuropeAustralia immigrant run. However the ship was by no means a basic migrant ship. When the ship was under planning, Shaw Savill chairman Basil Sanderson came up with the revolutionary idea of placing the ship's engines and funnel aft, freeing the areas amidships (which is generally considered the...
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