is a parliamentary constituency
represented in the House of Commons
of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
. Established in 1885, it is a county constituency
, and elects one Member of Parliament
by the first past the post
system of election.
From 1554 to 1852 there was a parliamentary borough
of the same name, consisting only of the city of St Albans
, which elected two MPs by the bloc vote
The St Albans constituency lies within the English county
. It comprises the cathedral city
of St Albans
and some of the surrounding countryside, mainly to the south of the city.
When the constituency was created in 1885, it also included the areas of High Barnet
, and Harpenden
, all of which were transferred to other constituencies at subsequent boundary redistributions.
The constituency elected a borough
representative for over 300 years, until it was disenfranchised
as a result of an electoral corruption in 1852. The constituency was re-established in 1885.
The constituency was historically held by the Conservative Party. Peter Lilley
was a notable recent Conservative MP for the constituency. Following boundary changes in 1997, he moved to the newly created constituency of Hitchin and Harpenden
Members of Parliament