Le Stade de Roland Garros
("Roland Garros Stadium") is a tennis venue located in Paris
. It hosts the French Open tennis tournament
(known as the Roland Garros Tournament within France), a Grand Slam
event played annually in May and June. The facility was constructed in 1928 to host France's first defense of the Davis Cup. It is named for Roland Garros
, a pioneer aviator
(completed the first solo flight across the Mediterranean Sea
(inventor of the first forward-firing aircraft machine gun), and World War I
hero (the first pilot to shoot down five enemy aircraft, and to be called an "ace" for doing so), who was killed in aerial combat in 1918.
The 21-acre (8.5-hectare) complex contains twenty courts, including three large-capacity stadiums; Les Jardins de Roland-Garros
, a large restaurant and bar complex; Le Village
, the press and VIP area; France's National Training Centre (CNE); and the Tenniseum
, a bilingual, multimedia museum of the history of tennis.
While the Roland Garros surface is invariably characterized as "red clay", the courts are in fact surfaced with white limestone,... Read More