The Stamford Canal
was part of the Welland Navigation
. It ran for from Stamford
to Market Deeping
and had 12 locks, two of which were on the river section at Deeping St. James
. It opened in 1670, long before the canal age. Plans to link it westwards to the Oakham Canal
, northwards to the South Forty-Foot Drain
and southwards to the River Nene
in 1809 came to nothing, and it closed in 1863, soon after the arrival of the Midland Railway
in the area. Its course and some of its structures can still be traced in the landscape.
The River Welland
was one of the earliest on which improvements, in this case to allow navigation to Stamford, were authorised by an act of Parliament
. The act was granted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I
in 1571, and the preamble explained how Stamford had prospered as a result of the river, but also stated that mills built between Stamford and Deeping had resulted in it no longer being navigable, as they had diverted the water. Powers were granted to restore the river using either the old channel or the new one, although it is not clear exactly what was meant by this. There is no evidence that any work was carried out under the terms of the act.
However, the powers were revived in 1620, when Stamford Corporation was given permission by the Commission of Sewers to build a new artificial cut, which would run from the eastern edge of Stamford near Hudd's Mill, to Market Deeping
, where it would... Read More