is an American
whose inclusion of Scientology's secret Operating Thetan
levels in a court filing led to the first public confirmation by the Church of Scientology of its doctrines regarding Xenu
and the Wall of Fire.
The origins of Fishman's dispute with the Church of Scientology lay in a fraud
scheme he conducted from 1983 to 1988. Fishman joined dozens of class action
lawsuits by presenting stock purchase confirmations he had stolen from his employer and forged. In this manner he made approximately one million dollars, as much as 30 percent of which he spent on Scientology materials and services.Fishman was arrested in July 1988 and charged with several counts of fraud. The FBI
also investigated the possibility of church involvement in the scheme.Dondero, Robert L. . US v. Fishman
. N. D. Calif. CR-88-0616. Retrieved on 2008-05-18.
Fishman's attorney, Marc Nurik, had planned to use an insanity defense
, offering false memory syndrome
theorist Richard Ofshe
and psychologist Margaret Singer
as expert witnesses
.Fishman sat for a seven-part videotaped interview with Ofshe and Nurik. In the interview, he discussed in detail various aspects of Scientology doctrine, his own Scientology involvement, and the church's response to his arrest. Fishman claimed that church staff had ordered him to... Read More