A subsidiary alliance
is an alliance between a dominant nation and a nation that it dominates.
British policy in India
The doctrine of subsidiary alliance was introduced by Marquess Wellesley
, British governor-general of India
. In the beginning of his governorship Wellesley adopted a policy of non-intervention but later he adopted the policy of subsidiary alliance. By the late 18th century, powerful emperors had disappeared from the Indian subcontinent
. and it was left with numerous weaker smaller states. Many rulers accepted this offer of protection by Lord Wellesley.
Its main principles were:
a) Any Indian Ruler accepting subsidiary Alliance with the British had to keep British forces within their territory and agreed to pay for their maintenance.In lieu of the payments, some of the ruler's territory was ceded to the British.
b) He would allow a British Resident to stay in his state.
c) An Indian ruler who entered into a Subsidiary Alliance would neither enter into any alliance with any other power, nor would he declare war against any power without the permission of the English.
d) He would not employ any Europeans other than the English and if there was already any, he would dismiss them.
e)In case of any conflict with any other state he would agree the decision of the English.
f) He would acknowledge the British Company as the paramount power.
g) In return for accepting all these conditions the Company undertook to protect him from external dangers and... Read More