Succulent Karoo

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Description:
The Succulent Karoo is a desert ecoregion of South Africa and Namibia.

Setting

The Succulent Karoo stretches along the coastal strip of southwestern Namibia and South Africa's Northern Cape Province, where the cold Benguela Current offshore creates frequent fogs. The ecoregion extends inland into the uplands of South Africa's Western Cape Province. It is bounded on the south by the Mediterranean climate fynbos, on the east by the Nama Karoo, which has more extreme temperatures and variable rainfall, and on the north by the Namib Desert.

Flora

The Succulent Karoo is notable for the world's richest flora of succulent plants, and harbors about one-third of the world’s approximately 10,000 succulent species. The region is also extraordinarily rich in geophytes, harboring approximately 630 species.

Fauna

The ecoregion is a center of diversity and endemism for reptiles and many invertebrate. Of the ecoregion’s 50 scorpion species, 22 are endemic. Monkey beetles, largely endemic to southern Africa, are concentrated in the Succulent Karoo and are important pollinators of the flora. So, too, are the Hymenoptera and masarine wasps, and colletid, fideliid, and melittid bees.

Approximately 15 amphibians are found in this ecoregion, including three endemics; among the region’s 115 reptile species, 48 are endemic and 15 are strict endemics. The Sperregebiet region is a hotspot for an unusual tortoise, the Namba padloper. Endemism is present, but less pronounced, among the...
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