In June 2000, the North Caucasian Chechen separatist
-led Islamic insurgents
added suicide bombing
to their tactics in their struggle against Russia
. Since then, there have been dozens of suicide attacks within and outside the republic of Chechnya
, resulting in thousands of casualties among Russian security personnel and civilians. The profiles of the suicide bombers have varied, as have the circumstances surrounding the bombings.
Although the most publicized Chechen suicide attacks
took place in Moscow
, attacks have occurred predominantly in Chechnya, while several additional attacks took place in the extended North Caucasus region and in particular in the neighboring Russian republic of Ingushetia
. The majority of suicide bombings, targeting military installations and government compounds in and around Chechnya and also top government officials, have been directed against those whom the separatists consider to be combatants
As of 2009, most of the bombers appear to be ethnic Chechens
, with a few known exceptions. Although some of the attacks may have also been carried out by Ingush
, an ethnic group closely related to the Chechens (the Ingush bear a separate set of grudges against Russia, including Russian support of the Ossetian side of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict
), none have occurred in the republics of Dagestan
or with any known involvement of local rebel groups there.
There is no evidence of any foreign involvement in either the... Read More