Sulla's first civil war
was one of a series of civil wars
in ancient Rome
, between Gaius Marius
, between 88 and 87 BC.
Prelude - Social War
The Social War
) was fought against the Socii
, Roman allies in Italy, and was the result of Rome's intransigence in regarding the civil liberties of its own citizens (Romans) as superior to those of the citizens of the rest of Italy. Subjects of the Roman Republic, these Italian provincials might be called to arms in its defence or might be subjected to extraordinary taxes, but they had no say in the expenditure of these taxes or in the uses of the armies that might be raised in their territories. The Social War was, in part, caused by the assassination of Marcus Livius Drusus the Younger
. His reforms were intended to grant to the Roman allies in Italy full Roman citizenship
, which would have given the provincials a say in the external and internal policies of the Roman Republic
. When Drusus was assassinated, most of his reforms addressing these grievances were declared invalid. This declaration greatly angered the Roman provincials, and in consequence, most allied against Rome.
At the beginning of the Social War, the Roman aristocracy and Senate began fearing Marius' ambition, which had already given him five consulships in a row from 104 BC
to 100 BC
. They felt determined that he should not have overall command of the war in Italy. In this last rebellion of the Italian allies, Sulla served with... Read More