Sultan Shahjahan Begum
(July 29, 1838 - June 16, 1901) was the Begum of Bhopal
(the ruler of the princely state
in central India
) for two times: 1844-60, and secondly during 1868-1901.
Born in Islamnagar near the city of Bhopal
, Shahjahan was the only surviving child of Sikandar Begum
, sometime Nawab of Bhopal
by correct title, and her husband Jahangir Mohammed Khan
. She was recognised as ruler of Bhopal in 1844 at the age of six; her mother wielded power as regent during her minority. However, in 1860, her mother Sikandar Begum was recognised by the British
as ruler of Bhopal in her own right, and Shahjahan was set aside. Shahjahan succeeded her mother as Begum of Bhopal
upon the death of the latter in 1868.
A lady of learning and piety, Shahjahan is credited with the authorship of several books in Urdu
. She was instrumental in initiating the construction of one of the largest mosques in India, the Taj-ul-Masajid
, at Bhopal. The construction however remained incomplete at her death and was later abandoned; work was resumed only in 1971. She also built the Taj Mahal palace
Shahjahan Begum made sizable donations towards the building of a mosque
in the UK
. She also contributed generously towards the founding of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh
, which developed into the Aligarh Muslim University
. She also subsidised the cost of a railway to be constructed between Hoshangabad
and Bhopal British......