- "Mountaintop" redirects here. This can also refer to the speech by Dr. Martin Luther King.
, a summit
is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation
than all points immediately adjacent
to it. Mathematically
, a summit is a local maximum
in elevation. The topographic terms "acme", "apex", "peak"
, and "zenith"
The term "summit" is generally only used for a mountain
peak with some significant amount of topographic prominence
(height above the lowest point en route to the nearest higher peak) or topographic isolation
(distance from the nearest point of higher elevation); for example, a boulder
next to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for these quantities, are often considered subsummits
) of the higher peak, and are considered as part of the same mountain. The UIAA
definition is that a summit is independent if it has a prominence of 30 metres
or more; it is a mountain if it has a prominence of at least 300 metres. This can be summarised as follows:
A pyramidal peak
is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion
of a mountain top.
Summit may also refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route. In many parts of the western United States
, the term refers to the highest point along a road, highway, or railroad. For example, the highest point... Read More