or Sun Ke
(; October 21, 1891 – September 13, 1973), courtesy name Zhesheng
(哲生), was a high-ranking official in the government of the Republic of China
. He was the son of Sun Yat-sen
and his first wife Lu Muzhen
Sun was born in Xiangshan (now Zhongshan
. He travelled abroad to study, earning a Bachelor of Arts
from the University of California, Berkeley
in 1916 and a Master of Science
from Columbia University
in 1917. He also received an honorary LL.D.
from Columbia. He married Chen Suk-ying and had two sons (Sun Tse-ping and Sun Tse-kiong) and two daughters (Sun Sui-ying and Sun Sui-hwa).
After returning to China, Sun was appointed Mayor of Guangzhou
(Canton), where the Kuomintang
's government headed by his father was headquartered, serving from 1920 to 1922 and again from 1923 to 1925 (between 1922 and 1923, Sun Yat-sen was exiled by Chen Jiongming
). In the Nationalist government, Sun served as Minister of Communications from 1926 to 1927, as Minister of Finance from 1927 to 1928 and Minister of Railways from 1928 to 1931.
In 1928, he became President of Chiao Tung University
, and made many administrative and educational reforms, including introducing a Moral Education Department. He created the Science College, which incorporated three departments (Mathematics
, and Chemistry
In 1931, the near civil war caused by the arrest of Hu Hanmin
and the invasion of Manchuria