During the 20th century Sweden
had programs for both Nuclear and Chemical weapons. During the first decades of the Cold War
a nuclear weapon program was active. No weapon was ever deployed and in the 1960s the political landscape and budgetary problems questioned the use of these weapons and by the mid 1970s all plans for weapons of mass destruction had been scrapped.
Sweden's nuclear weapon program was started after World War II
and the American nuclear bombing
of the Japanese
In the early years after the war Sweden made a decision to become a neutral power
that could defend itself militarily against any invading power. The biggest threats to Sweden were Soviet nuclear capabilities
and in the late 1940s and 1950s much research was made into nuclear weapons.
In 1948 the first solid plans on how to create an atomic weapon was presented to the FOI ("Totalförsvarets Forskningsinstitut", Swedish Defence Research Agency
). Plans were established to run a civilian nuclear power program
in parallel, using domestic uranium
resources as nuclear fuel. The Ågesta
reactors were supposed to produce plutonium
for the weapons, while also producing energy. The Saab 36
was a planned attack aircraft
that would be able to deliver nuclear weapons, and later on, submarines and aircraft like the Lansen
and ultimately Viggen
were considered as means of delivery as well.
All of the nuclear development activities took place at... Read More