Syed Ahmad Barelvi

Syed Ahmad Barelvi

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Syed Ahmad Barelvi

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Not to be confused with Ahmed Raza Khan BarelviSyed Ahmad Shaheed (of Rae Bareli) (1786–1831), also called Syed Ahmed Barelvi, was a Muslim activist from Rae Bareli, India. and founder of the "The Way of the Prophet Muhammad" (Tariqah-i Muhhamdiyah), a revolutionary Islamic movement. His supporters designated him an Amir al-Mu'minin ("Commander of the Believers") and he proclaimed a jihad against the Sikhs in the Punjab.

Syed Ahmad was influenced by Shah Abdul Aziz, son of Shah Waliullah and toured Afghanistan and the areas occupied by the Sikhs raising the banner of jihad and rallying the Pashtun tribes to his banner. It was only after Maharaj Ranjit Singh's death in 1839 that the city of Peshawar came under the influence of Syed Ahmads movement, due to unclarity and dispute over the next heir of the Sikh Kingdom.

Syed Ahmad was captured by some locals who opposed his movement, and was killed by the Sikhs along with hundreds of his troops and followers in Balakot, Mansehra District in 1831. His defeat ended the dream of establishing an Islamic state in Peshawar, now Pakistan. His followers upheld the doctrine of tawhid (the oneness of God) and called themselves Ahl e Hadith, He is the principal founding member of the group called jamaate Ahle-hadith, He is called as Syed Ahmad Barelvi because he used to live in rae bareli , while others called them Wahhabis. They rejected bid'ah (innovation) but unlike Saudi Wahhabis accepted Sufism and features of...
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