(November 14, 1889—October 28, 1973) (, , ) (nicknamed "Dean of Arabic Literature") was one of the most influential 20th century Egyptian writers
and intellectuals, and a figurehead for the Arab Renaissance
and the modernist
movement in the Arab World
Taha ( he-sein ) was born in the village of Izbet el Kilo in Minya Governorate
in central Upper Egypt
. He went to a kottab
, and then was sent to Al-Azhar University
, where he was educated in religion and Arabic literature
. From his childhood days he was reluctant to engrave the traditional education in his heart. Hussein was the seventh of thirteen children, living in a lower-middle class family. He became blind at the age of three due to a faulty treatment by an unskilled practitioner and was dealt with a great deal of anguish throughout his entire life.
Hussein met and married Suzanne Bresseau while attending the University of Montpellier
in France. She was referred to as “sweet voice”. This name came from her ability to read to him as he was trying to improve his grasp of the French language. Suzanne became his wife, best friend, mother of his two children and mentor throughout his life.
Taha Hussein’s children, his daughter Amina and her younger brother Moenis, both were important figures in Egypt. Amina, who died at the age of 70, was among the first Egyptian women to graduate from Cairo University. ... Read More