Administratively it is a town (thesaban mueang), and covers 9.14 km² of the subdistrict (tambon) Che He. As of 2007 it has a population of 17,317.
It is the location of the Tak Bai Incident, in which on October 25, 2004 at least 85 demonstrators died.
The town was created as a sanitary district (sukhaphiban) in 1956.. Like all sanitary districts, it was upgraded to a subdistrict municipality (thesaban tambon) in May 1999. On January 31, 2008 it was upgraded to a town (thesaban mueang).