Tamara Natanovna Press
(; , Tamara Natanivna Press
) (born 10 May 1937 in Kharkiv
) is a former Soviet shot putter
and discus thrower
in the 1960s.
Press is Jewish. She competed for VSS
Trud. Together with her younger sister Irina Press
, who was also a track
athlete, she was half of the "Press Sisters", a duo who won almost everything that there was to win in track and field, except for distance running.
At the 1960 Summer Olympics
in Rome, Italy, Tamara won the gold medal
in the shot put and the silver medal
in the discus. At the 1964 Summer Olympics
in Tokyo, Japan, she won the gold medal in both events. In the shot put and in the discus throw she set six world records.
Tamara was also successful in the European championships. In 1958 in Stockholm
she was third in the shot put, and in 1962 in Belgrade
she was the European champion in the shot put as well as the discus.
Questions regarding gender
It was said of both sisters that their gender
could not be determined. Some even thought that they might be hermaphrodites
— still another opinion was that they were being injected with male hormones in order to make them stronger. Detractors called them the "Press Brothers". After gender verification
for all international sporting female events was made mandatory in 1966 (curtailed in Sydney in 2000), both vanished from the sporting scene.