Tartuffe (full title: Tartuffe, or the Impostor, French: ) is a comedy by Molière. It is one of his most famous plays.
Molière wrote Tartuffe in 1664. Following its first performance the same year at the fêtes held at Versailles, King Louis XIV almost immediately censored the play, probably due to the influence of the archbishop of Paris, Paul Philippe Hardouin de Beaumont de Péréfixe, who was the King's confessor and had been his tutor.. While the king had little interest in suppressing the play, he eventually did so because, as stated in the official account of the fête:<blockquote>"...although it was found to be extremely diverting, the king recognized so much conformity between those that a true devotion leads on the path to heaven and those that a vain ostentation of some good works does not prevent from committing some bad ones, that his extreme delicacy to religious matters can not suffer this resemblance of vice to virtue, which could be mistaken for each other; although one does not doubt the good intentions of the author, even so he forbids it in public, and deprived himself of this pleasure, in order not to allow it to be abused by others, less capable of making a just discernment of it."