Tashkurgan, Xinjiang

Tashkurgan, Xinjiang

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Tashkurgan, Xinjiang

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Description:
Tashkurgan or Tashiku'ergan (; Sarikoli: ; ) is the principal town and seat of Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Name

Tashkurgan means Stone Fortress or Stone Tower. The official spelling is Taxkorgan, while Tashkorgan appears occasionally in literature. The town's name is written in Uyghur as تاشقۇرغان, and in Uyghur Latin Yëziqi, Tashqurghan baziri. In Chinese Tashkurgan is written as 塔什库尔干镇 in simplified characters and 塔什庫爾干鎮 in traditional characters; it is pronounced Tǎshíkù'ěrgān Zhèn in pinyin.

Historically the town was also called Sarikol (سريكال) or Sariqol (سرقول).

History

Tashkurgan has a long history as a stop on the Silk Road. Major caravan routes converged here leading to Kashgar in the north, Karghalik to the east, Badakhshan and Wakhan to the west, and Chitral and Hunza to the southwest in Northern Areas of Pakistan.

About 2,000 years ago, during the Han Dynasty Tashkurgan was the main centre of the Kingdom of Puli (蒲犁) and is mentioned in both the Hanshu and the later Hou Hanshu. Later it became known as Varshadeh. Mentions in the Weilüe of the Kingdom of Manli (滿犁) probably also refer to Tashkurgan.Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilüe 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English...
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