Telecommunications Research Establishment

Telecommunications Research Establishment

Telecommunications Research Establishment

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Description:
The Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE) was the main United Kingdom research and development organization for radio navigation, radar, infra-red detection for heat seeking missiles, and related work for the Royal Air Force during World War II and the years that followed. The name was changed to Radar research establishment in 1953. This article covers the precursor organizations and the Telecommunications Research Establishment up to the time of the name change. The later work at the site is described in the separate article about RRE.

History

Particularly because of its later change of name to Royal Radar Establishment, TRE is best known for work on defensive and offensive radar. TRE also made substantial contributions to radio-navigation and to jamming enemy radio-navigation. Radar dominates the history.

The development of radar in the U.K. was started by Sir Henry Tizard's Committee for the Scientific Survey of Air Defence in 1935. Experimental work was begun at Orfordness near Ipswich. The research group moved to the nearby Bawdsey Research Station (BRS) in 1936. It moved from there to the University College at Dundee in 1939 as the Air Ministry Research Establishment (AMRE). Then, in May 1940, it moved to Worth Matravers as the Ministry of Aircraft Production Research Establishment (MAPRE). It was established as the central research group for RAF applications of radar. The name was changed to the Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE) in November...
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