Television news music is used by television stations to brand their news operations. Each television station uses an identifiable news theme; some themes are used by multiple stations while others are composed specifically for a certain station.
In the United States
In the United States, news themes used on local television stations are typically organized into News Music packages, with each theme within a package sharing a similar musical signature. A typical television News Music package consists of anywhere from 50 to as many as 1000 cuts of music. One of the largest News Music packages is Overture, created by Stephen Arnold Music. This package consists of a total of 36 themes and over 1000 cuts.
News Music packages consist of the following: opens, closes, bumper, topicals (promo beds), franchise opens/stingers, ID, utility tracks and billboards.
Opens: These are the cuts used to begin a newscast, usually accompanied by a vamp straight out of the open (either a stripped or full version of the bumper.) In a news package, opens come in short credit forms (for the main open) and long credit forms (for talent opens.) Some packages even include different lengths of the talent opens for 3 or 4-anchor lineups.
Closes: Closes also come in different formats and lengths, many of which are similar in sound to that package's open. Usually, there are :60, :30, :20, :15, and :10 versions of the close, designed to resolve at a precise time.