is a heavily cratered highland region in the northern hemisphere of the planet Mars
. Located at the northeastern edge of the Tharsis
volcanic province, Tempe Terra is notable for its high degree of crustal fracturing and deformation. It also contains a large number of small shield volcanoes
and other volcanic structures.
The region is named after the albedo feature Tempe,
first used by astronomer E.M. Antoniadi
in 1930 to describe a bright patch of terrain centered near 40°N, 70°W. The name comes from the Vale of Tempe
, a valley located south of Mount Olympus
and celebrated by the ancient Greeks
for its beauty. The International Astronomical Union
(IAU) formally designated the region Tempe Terra in 1979. Terra
(pl. terrae) is a Latin descriptor term used in planetary geology for continent-like highland regions (i.e., extensive land masses) on other planets.
Location and description
Tempe Terra is centered at and spans about 2,700 km at its broadest extent.Neesemann, A.; van Gasselt, S; Hauber, E; Neukum, G. (2010) Insights to the Evolution of the Tempe Terra Region, Mars: Refinements of Geologic and Tectonic Units. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference;... Read More